Fermi

All LAT Publications

  1. Detection of 16 Gamma-Ray Pulsars Through Blind Frequency Searches Using the Fermi LAT
    A. A. Abdo et al.
    Science - 1175558 Published Online July 2, 2009

  2. A Population of Gamma-Ray Millisecond Pulsars Seen with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
    A. A. Abdo et al.
    Science - 1176113 Published Online July 2, 2009

  3. Measurement of the Cosmic Ray e+e- Spectrum from 20 GeV to 1 TeV with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
    A. A. Abdo et al.
    Phys. Rev. Lett. - 102, 181101 (2009). (PDF)

  4. Discovery of Pulsed γ-Rays from the Young Radio Pulsar PSR J1028–5819 with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
    A. A. Abdo et al.
    The Astrophysical Journal Letters - Volume 695, Number 1, 2009 April 10. (PDF)

  5. Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C
    A. A. Abdo et al.
    Sciencexpress www.sciencexpress.org 19 February 2009, Page 5. (PDF)

  6. Fermi LAT Observations of the Vela Pulsar
    A. A. Abdo et al.
    Astrophysics arXiv:0812.2960v1.

  7. The Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Discovers the Pulsar in the Young Galactic Supernova Remnant CTA 1
    A. A. Abdo et al.
    Science 322 (2008) 1218. (PDF)

GLAST

  1. Construction, test and calibration of the GLAST silicon tracker
    C. Sgro', W.B. Atwood, L. Baldini, G. Barbiellini, R. Bellazzini, F. Belli, E. Bonamente, T. Borden, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, M. Brigida, G.A. Caliandro, C. Cecchi, J. Cohen-Tanugi, A. De Angelis, P. Drell, C. Favuzzi, Y. Fukazawa, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A583 (2007) 9-13. (PDF)

  2. Environmental tests of the flight GLAST LAT tracker towers
    R. Bagagli, L. Baldini, R. Bellazzini, G. Barbiellini, F. Belli, T. Borden, A. Brez, M. Brigida, G.A. Caliandro, C. Cecchi, J. Cohen-Tanugi, A. De Angelis, P. Drell, C. Favuzzi, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, S. Germani, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, J. Goodman, et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A584, Issues 2-3, (2008) 358-373. (PDF)

  3. The GLAST Large Area Telescope: design, construction, test and calibration
    L. Latronico, G. Spandre
    Proceedings of the XI Vienna Conference on Instrumentation, Vienna, 2007, Nuclear Instruments and Methods A47483, (2007). (PDF)

  4. The Gamma-Ray large-area space telescope: An astro-particle mission to explore the high-energy Gamma-Ray sky
    G. Spandre On behalf of the GLAST Collaboration
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A572, Issue 1, (2007) 500. (PDF)

  5. The GLAST LAT tracker construction and test
    F. Belli et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A570, (2007) 276. (PDF)

  6. Pulsar Sensitivity Studies of the GLAST Large Area Telescope
    M. Razzano, A. K. Harding, on behalf of the GLAST LAT Collaboration
    To be published on the Proceedings of the Conference "THE MULTI-MESSENGER APPROACH TO HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY SOURCES", July 4-7, 2006 - Barcelona, Spain (PDF)

  7. Pulsar Simulation Tools for GLAST
    M. Razzano
    To be published on the Proceedings of the Conference "THE MULTI-MESSENGER APPROACH TO HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY SOURCES", July 4-7, 2006 - Barcelona, Spain (PDF)

  8. Fabrication of the GLAST Silicon Tracker Readout Electronics
    L. Baldini, A. Brez, T. Himel, R. P. Johnson, L. Latronico, M. Minuti, D. Nelson, H. F.-W. Sadrozinski, Senior Member, IEEE, C. Sgrò, G. Spandre, M. Sugizaki, H. Tajima, J. Cohen Tanugi, C. Young, M. Ziegler
    Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science in the October issue. (PDF)

  9. PULSARSPECTRUM: SIMULATING GAMMA-RAY PULSARS FOR THE GLAST MISSION
    M. Razzano, L.Latronico, N. Omodei, G. Spandre
    (PDF), astro-ph/0510181

  10. GLAST LAT Full Simulation
    Luca Baldini, Denis Bastieri, Praveen Boinee, Monica Brigida, Giuseppe Cabras, Claudia Cecchi, Alessandro De Angelis, Dario Favretto, Massimo Fiorucci, Marco Frailis et al.
    (PDF)

  11. Simulating the high energy gamma-ray sky seen by the GLAST Large Area Telescope
    F. Longo, P. Azzi, D. Bastieri, G. Busetto, Y. Lei, R. Rando, O. Tibolla, L. Baldini, M. Kuss, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, M. Razzano, G. Spandre, P. Boinee A. De Angelis, M. Frailis, M. Brigida, F. Gargano, N. Giglietto, F. Loparco, M.N. Mazziotta, C. Cecchi, O. Lubrano, F. Marcucci, M. Pepe, G. Tosti, A. Lionetto A. Morselli, C. Pittori
    astro-ph/0503545

  12. Quality control on the silicon sensors of the GLAST tracker
    Luca Latronico
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A530 (2004) 163-167. (PDF)

  13. GLAST Large Area Telescope Simulation Tools
    L. Baldini, D. Bastieri, P. Boinee, M. Brigida, G. Cabras, C. Cecchi, J. Cohen-Tanugi, A. De Angelis, D. Favretto, M. Fiorucci, M. Frailis, F. Gargano, R. Giannitrapani, N. Giglietto, M. Kuss, L. Latronico, A. Lionetto, F. Longo, F. Loparco, P. Lubrano, F. Marcucci, M.N. Mazziotta, E. Milotti, A. Morselli, N. Omodei, M. Pepe, R. Rando, M. Razzano, G. Spandre, G. Tosti
    Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2003 IEEE, Vol.3 1535-1539 (PDF)

  14. The silicon-strip tracker of the Gamma ray Large Area Space Telescope
    R. Bellazzini, F. Angelini, R.Bagagli, L. Baldini, A. Brez, M. Ceccanti, J. Cohen Tanugi, M. Kuss, L. Latronico, M.M. Massai, M. Minuti, N. Omodei, C. Pagliarone, G. Spandre, L. Vigiani, F. Zetti
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A523,Issues 1-1 (2003) 136. (PDF)

  15. Gleam: the GLAST Large Area Telescope Simulation Framework
    P. Boinee, G. Cabras, A. De Angelis, D. Favretto, M. Frailis, R. Giannitrapani, E. Milotti, F. Longo, M. Brigida, F. Gargano, N. Giglietto, F. Loparco, M. N. Mazziotta, C. Cecchi, P. Lubrano, M. Pepe, L. Baldini, J. Cohen-Tanugi, M. Kuss, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, G. Spandre, J. Bogart, R. Dubois, T. Kamae, L. Rochester, T. Usher, T. Burnett, S. Robinson, D. Bastieri, R. Rando
    astro-ph/0308120

  16. The GLAST Large Area Telescope
    Luca Latronico
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A511, Issues 1-2 (2003) 68. (PDF)

  17. The gamma ray large area space telescope - an astro-particle mission to explore the high energy gamma ray sky
    Luca Latronico
    Nuclear Physics B (Proc. Suppl.) Volume 117 (2003) 122. (PDF)

  18. Triggers and alerts with GLAST
    J. Cohen Tanugi, N. Omodei, F. Longo, S. Bansal, J. Bonnell, J.P. Norris, J.D. Scargle, R. Preece, R.M. Kippen
    astro-ph/0301356

  19. The GLAST Tracker design and construction
    R. Bellazzini et al.
    Nuclear Physics B (Proc. Suppl.) 113 (2002) 303. (PDF)

  20. The GLAST Gamma Ray Large Area Telescope
    A. Brez, R. Bellazzini, N. Omodei, N. Lumb, L. Baldini, L. Latronico
    Presented at 7th International Conference on Advanced Technology and Particle Physiscs - Como (PDF)

  21. The GLAST Gamma Ray Large Area Telescope
    R. Bellazzini, N. Omodei, N. Lumb, L. Baldini, L. Latronico
    Presented at International School of Space Science - L'Aquila, Sept. 2001 (PDF)

  22. Gamma ray Large Area Space Telescope Balloon Flight Engineering Model: Overview
    D. J. Thompson et al.
    IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. Volume 49, n.4, (2002) 1898. (PDF)

  23. Gamma ray Large Area Space Telescope Balloon Flight Data Handling Overview
    E. do Couto e Silva et al.
    IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. Volume 49, n.4, (2002) 1904. (PDF)

  24. Performance of Large Area Silicon Strip Sensors for GLAST
    S. Yoshida et al.
    Presented at NSS 2001 - S.Diego USA, also SLAC-PUB-9643

  25. SEE test of the LAT Tracker Front End ASIC
    M. Sugizaki et al.
    Glast LAT Technical Document, LAT-TD-00333 (PDF)


Other activities of the group

Polarimetry:
  1. The Italian Polarimetry Programmes
    E. Costa, R. Bellazzini, G. Matt, G. Tagliaferri, S. Basso, A. Brez, V. Cotroneo, S. Di Cosimo, F.Lazzarotto, M. Minuti, F. Muleri, G. Pareschi, M. Pinchera, A. Rubini, P. Soffitta, G. Spandre
    Procs. of the Conference Crab2008, October 16-17, 2008 Rome, Italy (PDF)

  2. Single photon imaging at ultra-high resolution
    R. Bellazzini, G. Spandre, M. Minuti, A. Brez, L. Baldini, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, C. Sgro', J. Bregeon, M. Razzano, M. Pinchera, A. Tremsin, J. McPhate, J.V. Vallerga and O. Siegmund
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A591 (2008) 125-128 (PDF)

  3. Low energy polarization sensitivity of the Gas Pixel Detector
    F. Muleri, P. Soffitta, L. Baldini, R. Bellazzini, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, E. Costa, M. Frutti, L. Latronico, M. Minuti, M. B. Negri, N. Omodei, M. Pinchera, M. Pesce-Rollins, M. Razzano, A. Rubini, C. Sgro', G. Spandre
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A584 (2008) 149-159 (PDF), astro-ph arXiv:0709.4623

  4. A very compact polarizer for an X-ray polarimeter calibration
    F. Muleri, P. Soffitta, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, E. Costa, S. Fabiani, M. Frutti, M. Minuti, M. B. Negri, P. Pascale, A. Rubini, G. Sindoni, G. Spandre
    astro-ph arXiv:0709.3978

  5. Title: X-ray polarimetry on-board HXMT
    Paolo Soffitta, Ronaldo Bellazzini, Gianpiero Tagliaferri, Enrico Costa, Giovanni Pareschi, Stefano Basso, Vincenzo Cotroneo, Massimo Frutti, Francesco Lazzarotto, Fabio Muleri, Alda Rubini, Gloria Spandre, Alessandro Brez, Luca Baldini, Jean Bregeon, Massimo Minuti, Giorgio Matt, Filippo Frontera
    astro-ph arXiv:0810.2708

  6. An X-ray Polarimeter for HXMT Mission
    E. Costa, R. Bellazzini, G. Tagliaferri, L. Baldini, S. Basso, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, O. Citterio, V. Cotroneo, F. Frontera, M. Frutti, G. Matt, M. Minuti, F. Muleri, G. Pareschi, G. C. Perola, A. Rubini, C. Sgro', P. Soffitta, G. Spandre
    astro-ph arXiv:0709.3992

  7. Gas Pixel Detectors for low energy X-ray polarimetry
    G. Spandre
    Nuclear Physics B (Proc. Suppl.) 166 (2007) 266 (PDF)

  8. Gas pixel detectors
    R. Bellazzini, L. Baldini, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, M.M. Massai, M. Minuti, N. Omodei, M. Pesce-Rollins, C. Sgro', G. Spandre, E. Costa, P. Soffitta
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A572, Issue 1, (2007), 167 (PDF)

  9. X-ray polarimetry with Gas Pixel Detectors: A new window on the X-ray sky
    R. Bellazzini, G. Spandre, M. Minuti, L. Baldini, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, M. Razzano, F. Angelini, M.M.Massai, C. Sgro', E. Costa, P. Soffitta
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A576, Issue 1, 2007, 183-190 (PDF)

  10. A Sealed Gas Pixel Detector for X-ray Astronomy
    R. Bellazzinia, G. Spandre, M. Minuti, L. Baldini, A. Brez, L. Latronico, N.Omodei, M. Razzano, M.M. Massai, M. Pinchera, M. Pesce-Rollins, C.Sgro, E. Costa, P. Soffitta, H. Sipila, E. Lempinen
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section Volume 579, Issue 2, 2007, 853-858 (PDF) ,astro-ph/0611512

  11. POLARIX: a small mission of x-ray polarimetry
    E. Costa, R. Bellazzini, P. Soffitta, F. Muleri, M. Feroci, M. Frutti, M. Mastropietro, L. Pacciani, A. Rubini, E. Morelli, L. Baldini, F. Bitti, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, M. M. Massai, N. Omodei, M. Pinchera, C. Sgrò, G. Spandre, G. Matt, G. C. Perola, G. Chincarii, O. Citterio, G. Tagliaferri, G. Pareschi, V. Cotroneo
    Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6266 62660R-1 (PDF), astro-ph/0609576

  12. Gas pixel detectors for high-sensitivity x-ray polarimetry
    R. Bellazzini, L. Baldini, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, M. M. Massai, M. Minuti, M. Razzano, C. Sgrò, G. Spandre, E. Costa, P. Soffitta
    Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6266 62662T-1 (PDF), (SPIE)

  13. First light from a very large area pixel array for high-throughput xray polarimetry
    R. Bellazzini, G. Spandre, M. Minuti, L. Baldini, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, M. M. Massai, C. Sgrò, E. Costa, P. Soffitta, F. Krummenacher, R. de Oliveira
    Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6266 62663Y-1 (PDF), (SPIE)

  14. A photoelectric polarimeter for XEUS: a new window in x-ray sky
    R. Bellazzini, L. Baldini, F. Bitti, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, M. M. Massai, N. Omodei, M. Pinchera, C. Sgrò, G. Spandre, E. Costa, P. Soffitta, G. Di Persio, M. Feroci, F. Muleri, L. Pacciani, A. Rubini, E. Morelli, G. Matt, G. C. Perola
    Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6266 62663Z-1 (SPIE), astro-ph/0609571

  15. An X-ray polarimeter for hard X-ray optics
    F. Muleri, R. Bellazzini, E. Costa, P. Soffitta, F. Lazzarotto, M.Feroci, L. Pacciani, A. Rubini, Ennio Morelli, L. Baldini, F. Bitti, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, M. M. Massai, N. Omodei, M. Pinchera, C. Sgrò, G. Spandre, G. Matt, G. C. Perola, O. Citterio, G. Pareschi, V. Cotroneo, D. Spiga, R. Canestrari
    Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6266 62662X-1 (SPIE), astro-ph/0609573

  16. Gas Pixel Detectors for X-ray Polarimetry applications
    R. Bellazzini, F. Angelini, L. Baldini, F. Bitti, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, M. Del Prete, M. Kuss, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, M. Pinchera, M. M. Massai, M. Minuti, M. Razzano, C. Sgrò', G. Spandre, A. Tenze, E. Costa, P. Soffitta
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A560/2 (2006)425 (PDF), astro-ph/0512242

  17. Opening a new window to fundamental Physics and Astrophysics: X-ray Polarimetry
    E. Costa, R. Bellazzini, P. Soffitta, G. di Persio, M. Feroci, E. Morelli, F. Muleri, L. Pacciani, A. Rubini, L. Baldini, F. Bitti, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, M. M. Massai, N. Omodei, C. Sgrò', G. Spandre, G. Matt, G. C. Perola, A. Santangelo, A. Celotti, D. Barret, O. Vilhu, L. Piro, G. Fraser, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, X. Barcons
    Proc. 39th ESLAB Symposium, Noordwijk, 19{21 April 2005, F. Favata, A. Gimenez. eds. (PDF)

  18. A gas pixel detector for x-ray polarimetry
    L. Baldini, F. Angelini, R. Bellazzini, F. Bitti, A. Brez, L. Latronico, M. M. Massai, M. Minuti, N. Omodei, M. Razzano, C. Sgrò, G. Spandre, E. Costa, L. Pacciani, P. Soffitta,
    Presented at the 9th Topical Seminar on innovative particle and radiatio detectors, Siena, 23-26 May, 2004. (PDF)

  19. A photoelectric polarimeter based on a Micro Pattern Gas Detector for X-ray Astronomy
    R. Bellazzini, L. Baldini, A. Brez, E. Costa, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, L. Pacciani, P. Soffitta, G. Spandre
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A510, Issues 1-2 (2003) 176. (PDF)

  20. Techniques and detectors for polarimetry in X-ray astronomy
    P. Soffitta, L. Baldini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, E. Costa, G. di Persio, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, L. Pacciani, G. Spandre
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A510, Issues 1-2 (2003) 170. (PDF)

  21. A Micro Pattern Gas Detector for X-ray polarimetry
    R. Bellazzini, F. Angelini, L. Baldini, A. Brez, E. Costa, G. di Persio, L. Latronico, M.M. Massai, N. Omodei, L. Pacciani, P. Soffitta, G. Spandre
    Proc. SPIE Vol. 4843, p. 372-382, Polarimetry in Astronomy; Silvano Fineschi; Ed. (PDF)

  22. The sensitivity of a photoelectric X-ray polarimeter for Astronomy: The impact of gas mixture and pressure
    L. Pacciani, E. Costa, G. Di Persio, M. Feroci, P. Soffitta, L. Baldini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, N. Lumb, G. Spandre
    Proc. SPIE Vol. 4843, p. 394-405, Polarimetry in Astronomy; Silvano Fineschi; Ed. (PDF)

  23. A novel gaseous X-ray polarimeter: data analysis and simulation
    R. Bellazzini, F. Angelini, L. Baldini, A. Brez, E. Costa, G. di Persio, L. Latronico, M.M. Massai, N. Omodei, L. Pacciani, P. Soffitta, G. Spandre
    Proc. SPIE Vol. 4843, p. 383-393, Polarimetry in Astronomy; Silvano Fineschi; Ed. (PDF)

  24. X-Ray Polarimetry with a Micro Pattern Gas Detector with Pixel Read Out
    R. Bellazzini, F. Angelini, L. Baldini, A. Brez, E.Costa, L.Latronico, N. Lumb, M.M. Massai, N. Omodei, P. Soffitta, G. Spandre
    IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci Vol. 49, No. 3 (2002). (PDF)

  25. An efficient photoelectric X-ray polarimeter for the study of black holes and neutron stars
    E. Costa, P. Soffitta, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, N. Lumb, G. Spandre
    Nature, Vol. 411 (2001) 662. (PDF)

  26. Astronomical X-ray polarimetry based on photoelectric effect with microgap detectors
    P. Soffitta, E. Costa, G. di Persio, E. Morelli, A. Rubini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, R. Raffo, G.Spandre, D. Joy
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A469 (2001) 164. (PDF)

Plasma diagnostic:
  1. Fast 2-D soft X-ray imaging device based on micro pattern gas detector
    D. Pacella, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez and G. Pizzicaroli
    Nuclear Physics B (Proc. Supp.) Volume 125 (2003) 332. (PDF)

  2. X-VUV spectroscopic imaging with a micropattern gas detector
    D. Pacella, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, G. Pizzicaroli and M. Finkenthal
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A508 Issue 3 (2003) 414. (PDF)

  3. Ultrafast soft X-ray 2D plasma imaging system based on Gas Electron Multiplier detector with pixel read-out
    P. Pacella, G. Pizzicaroli, L. Gabellieri, M. Leigheb, L. Latronico, N. Lumb, G. Spandre, M.M. Massai, S. Reale
    Review of Scientific Instruments Vol. 72, No. 2 (2001) 1372.

MicroPattern detectors:
  1. Single photon imaging at ultra-high resolution
    R. Bellazzini, G. Spandre, M. Minuti, A. Brez, L. Baldini, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, C. Sgro', J. Bregeon, M. Razzano, M. Pinchera, A. Tremsin, J. McPhate, J.V. Vallerga and O. Siegmund
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A591 (2008) 125-128 (PDF)

  2. Imaging with the invisible light
    R. Bellazzini, G. Spandre, A. Brez, M. Minuti, L. Baldini, L. Latronico, M.M. Massai, N. Omodei, M. Pesce-Rollins, C Sgro' , M. Razzano, M. Pinchera, J. Bregeon, M. Kuss, A. Braem Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A581 (2007) 246,253 (PDF), (arXiv:physics/0703176 )

  3. Direct reading of charge multipliers with a self-triggering CMOS analog chip with 105k pixels at 50micron pitch
    R. Bellazzini, G. Spandre, M. Minuti, L. Baldini, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, M. M. Massai, C. Sgrò, E. Costa, P. Soffitta, F. Krummenacher, R. DeOliveira
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A566, (2006) 552 (PDF), physics/0604114

  4. Gas Pixel Detectors
    R.Bellazzini and G.Spandre
    ICFA Instrumentation Bulletin, Volume 27, Spring 2005

  5. Reading a GEM with a VLSI pixel ASIC used as a direct charge collecting anode
    R. Bellazzini, F. Angelini, L. Baldini, F. Bitti, A. Brez, L. Latronico, M.M. Massai, M. Minuti, N. Omodei, M. Razzano, C. Sgrò, G. Spandre, E. Costa, P. Soffitta
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A535, Issues 1-2 (2004) 477.(PDF)

  6. Micropattern Gas Detectors with Pixel Read-Out
    L. Latronico Nuclear Instruments and Methods A518 Issues 1-2 (2004) 443. (PDF)

  7. Micropattern Gas Detectors with Pixel Read-Out
    R.Bellazzini, G. Spandre
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A513 Issues 1-2 (2003) 231. (PDF)

  8. Progress with Micropattern Gas Detectors
    R.Bellazzini, G. Spandre, N. Lumb
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A478/1-2 (2002) 13. (PDF)

  9. Micropattern Gas Detectors: the CMS MSGC project and Gaseous Pixel detector applications
    R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, E. Costa, G. Di Persio, G.Gariano, L.Latronico, N.Lumb, A.Moggi, , E. Morelli, D. Pacella, M.M.Massai, S.Reale, A. Rubini, P. Soffitta, G.Spandre, M.A.Spezziga, A.Toropin
    Presented at the IMAGING 2000 Conference, June 28 - July 1,2000 Stockholm (Sweeden), Nuclear Instruments and Methods A471 (2001) 41. (PDF)

  10. Tracking properties of the two-stage GEM/Micro-groove detector
    A.Bondar, A.Buzulutskov, L.Shekhtman, A. Sokolv, A.Tatarinov, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, G.Gariano, L.Latronico, R.Loni, N.Lumb, M.M.Massai, A.Moggi, G.Spandre
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A454 (2000) 315. (PDF)

  11. Tests of a Micro-Groove Detector coupled to a GEM in a high-intensity hadron beam
    R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, G.Gariano, L.Latronico, R.Loni, N.Lumb, A.Moggi, M.M.Massai, A.Papanestis, S.Reale, G.Spandre, M.A.Spezziga, A.Toropin
    Proceedings of the International Workshop on Micro-Pattern Gas Detector, June 28-30, 1999 Orsay (France). (PS)

  12. The Micro-Groove Detector
    R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, G.Gariano, L.Latronico, N.Lumb, A.Papanestis, G.Spandre, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, M.A.Spezziga
    INFN PI/AE 98/02, Nuclear Instruments and Methods A424 (1999) 444. (PDF)

  13. The WELL Detector
    R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, G.Gariano, L.Latronico, N.Lumb, A.Papanestis, G.Spandre, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, M.A.Spezziga
    INFN PI/AE 98/03, Nuclear Instruments and Methods A423 (1999) 125. (PDF)

  14. What is the real gas gain of a standard GEM?
    R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, G.Gariano, L.Latronico, N.Lumb, G.Spandre, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, M.A.Spezziga
    Presented at the 8th Wire Chamber Conference, Vienna, 1998. Nuclear Instruments and Methods A419 (1998). (PDF)

MicroStrip Gas Chambers:
  1. The CMS micro-strip gas chamber project - development of a high resolution tracking detector for harsh radiation environments
    R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, A.Cattai, G.Gariano, L.Latronico, R.Loni, N.Lumb, A.Moggi, M.M.Massai, A.Morelli, A.Papanestis, S.Reale, C.Salaris, G.Spandre, M.A.Spezziga, A.Toropin
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A457 (2001) 22. (PDF)

  2. CMS Milestone October/November 1999 - Summary Report (PS)
    The Barrel MSGC Group

  3. The CMS micro-strip gas chamber - a high resolution detector for tracking at very high rates
    L. Latronico for the CMS MSGC Collaboration
    Proceedings of the DPF 2000 Conference, August 9 - 12, 2000, Columbus, Ohio-USA, at www.dpf2000.org,
    International Journal of Modern Physics (PS)

  4. Status of the CMS MSGC Tracker
    L. Latronico for the CMS MSGC collaboration
    Proceedings of the Beauty99 Conference, 21-26/6/1999, Bled (Slovenia), Nuclear Instruments and Methods A446 (2000) 346. (PS)

  5. Tests of CMS MSGC modules at PSI
    P.Vanlaer for the CMS collaboration
    Proceedings of the International Workshop on Micro-Pattern Gas Detector, June 28-30, 1999 Orsay (France).

  6. A partial wave analysis of the centrally produced π°π° system in pp interactions at 450 GeV/c
    R. Bellazini, F. G. Binon et al.
    Physics Letters B, Volume 467, Issues 3-4(1999)296. (PDF)

  7. High rate tests of MicroStrip Gas Chambers for CMS
    R.Malina et al.
    Nuclear Physics B (Proc. Suppl.) 78 (1999) 80. (PDF)

  8. A Two-Stage, High Gain Micro-strip Detector
    R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, G.Gariano, L.Latronico, N.Lumb, A.Papanestis, G.Spandre, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, M.A.Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A425 (1999) 218. (PDF)

  9. Recent beam tests of CMS MSGC Tracker Prototypes
    E. Manola-Poggioli for the CMS MSGC Collaboration
    1997 Beauty Conference (0ctober 13-17) 1997 - UCLA , Los Angeles, Nuclear Instruments and Methods A408 (1998) 251. (PS)

  10. Substrate-less, spark-free micro-strip gas counters
    R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, L.Latronico, N.Lumb, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A.Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A409 (1998) 14.
    Proceedings of the VII Pisa Meeting on Advance Detectors 'Frontier Detectors for Frontier Physics' Isola d'Elba, Italy 1997. (PDF)

  11. Test of a CMS MSGC Tracker Prototype in a High Intensity Hadron Beam
    D.Abbaneo et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A409 (1998) 37.
    Proceedings of the VII Pisa Meeting on Advance Detectors 'Frontier Detectors for Frontier Physics' Isola d'Elba, Italy 1997. (PDF)

  12. Performance of a prototype of the Microstrip Gas Chambers for the CMS experiment at LHC
    E.Albert et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A409 (1998) 70.
    Proceedings of the VII Pisa Meeting on Advance Detectors 'Frontier Detectors for Frontier Physics' Isola d'Elba, Italy 1997. (PDF)

  13. Technique for the characterization of discharges in micro-strip gas chambers
    R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, A.Cattai, L.Latronico, N.Lumb, G.Spandre, A. Tsirou
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A398 (1997) 426. (PDF)

  14. Study of the π°π° system in pp central collisions at 450 GeV/c
    D. Alde, R. Bellazzini et al.
    Physics Letters B, Volume 397, Issues 3-4, 3 (1997). (PDF)

  15. Operation of MSGCs with gold strips built on surface treated thin glasses
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A. Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A382 (1996) 461. (PDF)

  16. MSGCs with Pestov-glass coatings
    W.G.Gong, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, R.Raffo, G.Spandre
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A374 (1996) 144. (PDF)

  17. The MicroGap Chamber: new developments
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A. Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A384 (1996) 192. (PDF)

  18. A large area microgap chamber with two-dimensional read-out
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, A.Caner, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A. Spezziga
    IEEE Transaction on Nuclear Science Vol.43, No.3, June 1996.

  19. A UV light photodetector based on a Microgap Chamber with single electron response
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Braem, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, V.Lebedenko, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A.Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A371 (1996) 358. (PDF)

  20. Study of the bunch crossing identification at LHC using MicroStrip Gas Chambers
    F.Angelini et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A368 (1996) 345. (PDF)

  21. Performance of a prototype of the CMS central detector
    O.Adriani et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A367 (1995) 189. (PDF)

  22. The Micro Gap Chamber: a new detector for the next generation of high energy, high rate experiments
    R.Bellazzini and G.Spandre
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A368 (1995) 259. (PDF)

  23. A large area, high gain, Micro Gap Chamber
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, R.Ruffo, M.A.Spezziga, G.Spandre, M.Bozzo
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A362 (1995) 273. (PDF)

  24. Development of a very large area MicroStrip Gas Chamber for the CMS central tracking system
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A.Spezziga, A. Toropin
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A360 (1995) 22. (PDF)

  25. Further tests and development of the Micro-Gap chamber
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, M.Bozzo, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo,G.Spandre,M.A.Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A349 (1994) 412. (PDF)

  26. Fast electronic read out of Microstrip gas chambers
    R. Sachdeva, R. Bellazzini, G. Hall, M. A. Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A348 (1994) 378. (PDF)

  27. Behavior of MicroStrip Gas Chamber in strong Magnetic field
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A. Spezziga, M.Bozzo, T.Meyer, R.Ribeiro, J.F.Clergeau, D.Contardo, G.Smadja
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A343 (1994) 441. (PDF)

  28. Electric field, avalanche growth and signal development in MicroStrip Gas chamber and MicroGap Chamber
    R.Bellazzini and M.A.Spezziga
    La Rivista del Nuovo Cimento (PDF), 12 (1994)

  29. The slow proton position-sensitive time of flight detector of the GAMS NA 12/2 experiment at CERN
    D. Alde, R. Bellazzini, F. G. Binon, M. Boutemeur, A. Brez, J. Ditta, S. V. Donskov, M. Gouanère, S. Inaba, H. Kawai et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A342 (1994) 389. (PDF)

  30. A thin, large area microstrip gas chamber with strip and pad read-out
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, T.Lomtadze, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A. Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A336 (1993) 106. (PDF)

  31. The Micro-Gap chamber
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, R.Raffo, G.Spandre, M.A.Spezziga
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A335 (1993) 69. (PDF)

  32. Performance of the gas microstrip chamber at high pressure
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, G.Spandre, M.R.Torquati, L.Shekhtman
    Physica Medica, Vol. IX, N.2-3 (1993) 59.

  33. First results on proton extraction from the CERN-SPS with a bent crystal
    H. Akbari, X. Altuna, S. Bardin, R. Bellazzini, V. Biryukov, A. Brez, M. P. Bussa, L. Busso, A. Calcaterra, G. Carboni et al.
    Physics Letters B, Volume 313, Issues 3-4, (1993) 491. (PDF)

  34. MICA: a multichannel integrated charge amplifier for the read-out of multielectrode detectors
    C. C. Enz and F. Krummenacher, R. Bellazzini
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A332 (1993) 543. (PDF)

  35. A Microstrip gas chamber with true two-dimensional and pixel read-out
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, L.Bosisio, A.Brez,.M.M.Massai, A.Perret, G.Spandre, M.R.Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A323 (1992) 229. (PDF)

  36. Results from the first use of microstrip gas chambers in a high-energy physics experiment
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, G.Decarolis, C.Magazzu', M.M.Massai, G.Spandre, M.R.Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A315 (1992) 21. (PDF)

  37. A microstrip gas chamber on a silicon substrate
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, L.Bosisio, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, G.Spandre, M.R.Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A314 (1992) 450. (PDF)

  38. A background-free detector for cosmic ray showers in the atmosphere
    E. Anassontzis, L. Resvanis, G. Voulgaris and T. YpsilantisR. TrippS. TorresA. R. P. Biral, J. A. Chinellato and A. TurtelliR. J. Cence, C. Hayes, J. Hudson, L. Kelley, J. G. Learned, D. Paluselli and V. J. StengerB. BartoliG. Sinnis and D. WeekesM. Cresti, L. Peruzzo et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A315 (1992) 167. (PDF)

  39. A multi-channel integrated circuit for the readout of a microstrip gas chamber
    F.Krummennacher, C.Enz, R.Bellazzini
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A313 (1992) 483. (PDF)

  40. A method to measure the γ-ray content in VHE cosmic ray showers
    M. Cresti, L. Peruzzo, A. Pesci, A. Saggion and G. SartoriF. Angelini, F. Bedeschi, R. Bellazzini, E. Bertolucci, G. Chiarelli, M. Mariotti, M. M. Massai et al.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 306 (1991) 563. (PDF)

  41. The microstrip gas chamber
    F.Angelini, R. Bellazzini, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, G.Spandre, M.R.Torquati, R.Bouclier, J.Gaudean, F.Sauli
    Nuclear Physics, 23 A (1991) 254. (PDF)

  42. A microstrip avalanche chamber with two stages of gas amplification
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, G.Spandre, M.R.Torquati, F.Sauli
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A292 (1990) 199. (PDF)

  43. Test beam study of the performance of the microstrip gas avalanche chamber
    F.Angelini, R.Bellazzini, A.Brez, M.M.Massai, G.Spandre, M.R.Torquati, R.Bouclier, J.Gaudean, F.Sauli
    IEEE Nuclear Science, NS-37 No.2 (1990) 112.

  44. A microstrip avalanche chamber with two stages of gas amplification
    F. Angelini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, M. M. Massai, G. Spandre and M. R. TorquatiF. Sauli
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 292 (1990) 199. (PDF)

  45. The microstrip gas avalanche chamber: a new detector for the next generation of the high luminosity machines
    F.Angelini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, E.Focardi, M.M.Massai, G.Spandre, M.R.Torquati, F. Sauli
    Particle World, 1 (1990).

  46. A microstrip gas avalanche chamber with two dimensional read-out
    F.Angelini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, M.M.Massai, G.Spandre and M.R. Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods A283 (1989) 755. (PDF)

MultiWire Proportional Chambers and Parallel Plate Chambers:
  1. Bone densitometry with a high-speed, high-resolution MWPC
    F. Angelini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, M. M. Massai and M. R. Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 283 (1989) 423 . (PDF)

  2. A parallel plate chamber with pixel readout particularly suitable for very high data rate
    F. Angelini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, M. M. Massai and M. R. Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 276 (1989) 258 . (PDF)

  3. Digital imaging with advanced gaseous detectors developed at Pisa University
    F. Angelini, R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, M. M. Massai and M. R. Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 269 (1988) 430 . (PDF)

  4. Production of G(1590) in 300 GeV central π-N collisions
    D. Alde, R. Bellazzini et al.
    Physics Letters B 201 (1988) 160. (PDF)

  5. A two-step parallel plate chamber with a resistive germanium anode and a two dimensional readout for the detection of minimum ionizing particles
    R. Bellazzini, C. Betti, A. Brez, E. Carboni, M. M. Massai and M. R. Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 252 (1986) 453 . (PDF)

  6. High resolution digital autoradiography of short and long range β¯ emitters using a single step parallel plate chamber
    R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, M. M. Massai and M. R. Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 251 (1986) 196 . (PDF)

  7. A novel type of parallel plate chamber with resistive germanium anode and a two-dimensional readout
    R. Bellazzini, C. Betti, A. Brez, E. Carboni, M. M. Massai and M. R. Torquati
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 247 (1986) 445. (PDF)

  8. Digital imaging with a pressured xenon filled MWPC working at a high data rate
    R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, A. del Guerra, M. M. Massai and M. R. TorquatiM. Franchi and G. Perri Nuclear Instruments and Methods 228 (1984) 193. (PDF)

  9. Mathematical modelling of the performance of a MWPC
    R. Bellazzini, A. Brez, A. Del Guerra, M. M. Massai and M. R. Torquati Nuclear Instruments and Methods 225 (1984) 145. (PDF)

  10. Biomedical applications of MWPCs for digital imaging of soft β¯ emitters
    R.Bellazzini, A. Del Guerra, M.M. Massai, G. Spandre
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 217 (1983) 93. (PDF)

  11. Further improvements in the design of a positron camera with dense drift space MWPCs
    V. Perez-Mendez, G. Schwartz, R.Bellazzini, A. Del Guerra, M.M. Massai, G. Spandre, W.R. Nelson
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 217 (1983) 89. (PDF)

  12. Electronic autoradiography of living human cells with a MWPC
    R.Bellazzini, G. Betti, A. Del Guerra, M.M. Massai, M. Ragadini, G. Spandre, G. Tonelli, R. Venturi
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 204 (1983) 517. (PDF)

  13. DNA-Repair deficient cells identification with a MultiWire Proportional Chamber
    R.Bellazzini, G. Betti, A. Del Guerra, M.M. Massai, M. Ragadini, G. Spandre, G. Tonelli, A. Abbondandolo, S. Bonatti
    Physics Letters A 92 (1982) 154. (PDF)

  14. A high density proportional wire calorimeter
    T. Ludlam, R. Bellazzini, D. Kraus and J. Renardy
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 198 (1982) 233. (PDF)

  15. A MWPC with a cathode coupled delay line read-out as radioactivity detector for DNA repair studies
    R.Bellazzini, A. Del Guerra, M.M. Massai, M. Ragadini, G. Spandre and G. Tonelli
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods 190 (1981) 627. (PDF)

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